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Introduction - Heap

C Functions

  • void* malloc(size_t size) allocates the requested memory and returns a pointer to it (or NULL if the request fails).
    • size − This is the size of the memory block, in bytes.
  • void* calloc(size_t nitems, size_t size) allocates the requested memory and returns a pointer to it (or NULL if the request fails).
    • nitems − This is the number of elements to be allocated.
    • size − This is the size of elements.
  • void free(void *ptr) deallocates the memory previously allocated by a call to calloc, malloc, or realloc.
    • ptr − This is the pointer to a memory block previously allocated with malloc, calloc or realloc to be deallocated. If a null pointer is passed as argument, no action occurs.
  • void* realloc(void *ptr, size_t size) attempts to resize the memory block pointed to by ptr that was previously allocated with a call to malloc or calloc.
    • ptr − This is the pointer to a memory block previously allocated with malloc, calloc or realloc to be reallocated. If this is NULL, a new block is allocated and a pointer to it is returned by the function.
    • size − This is the new size for the memory block, in bytes. If it is 0 and ptr points to an existing block of memory, the memory block pointed by ptr is deallocated and a NULL pointer is returned.

Source tutorialspoint.

Warning

The difference in malloc() and calloc() is that malloc does not set the memory to zero where as calloc sets allocated memory to zero.

Warning

The free() function does not delete the contents of the allocated chunk.

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